Weatherproof speakers are speakers that are specially designed to endure exposure to weather elements such as heat, rain, snow and hail without deterioration. However, they are not necessarily waterproof speakers and thus if they get submerged in water they may not work.
Elements of weatherproof speakers
Just like regular speakers weatherproof speakers have 3 core elements namely crossovers, cabinet and drivers.Drivers are for converting electrical energy into vibrations to produce various sound pitches. To help in producing these sound pitches is a diaphragm. The diaphragm is the cone shaped part of the speakers that moves back and forth. The other drivers that reproduce the bass are called woofers. Those that reproduce the highs are known as tweeters. The drivers that produce frequencies in between high and low are mid range.Cabinets or enclosures are those structures in which the internal speaker components are housed. Their work is to manage the sound waves and they determine how the sound will be produced.Crossovers are the electrical filters that divide up the audio signal and split up the sound pitches through the drivers.
Speakers which are called weather proof do not have much difference with those used indoors. The key difference between them is the kind of material used to make their inner and outer components. Unlike indoor speakers whose frames and grilles are susceptible to corrosion; weatherproof speakers are made with metals such as stainless steel and brass which do not rust. These speakers also use Mylar diaphragms instead of paper diaphragms which are sensitive to moisture. The speakers also have sturdy casings that are resistant to rough handling and weather elements.
Weatherproof speakers designs
These speakers come in all shapes and sizes. They are designed to look like anything you can think of. Some look like rocks, flowerpots, frogs and other artistic features. The speakers can be wired or wireless. The wireless type is usually very convenient to use because they do not have any cords attached to them and thus, they can easily be taken inside if need be. Wireless speakers use AC power and batteries making them very portable. They can be set up on the walls or left by the poolside. Whats more the speakers can be used with most music players and their sound quality is the same as what the player gives indoors. Read more here.
How to weatherproof speakers
It is possible to make the outdoor speakers you have weatherproofed without much financial strain. One of the easiest and inexpensive ways is to coat the speakers in a high gloss polymer. High gloss polymers are usually used to reinforce floor but they are also effective at weatherproofing most electronics. To make your speaker weather proof you will need a high gloss polymer coating, polyurethane foam spay and a foam sealant brush.Prepare the workspace you will be using by spread an old newspaper to prevent spillage of coating to surrounding surfaces.Remove the grill surrounding the speaker cone.Shake the sealant well and apply it evenly to the speaker with a regular varnish foam brush. When applying the sealant make sure that the entire speaker’s exterior including the cone is coated.Coat the speaker’s wire inputs with the polyurethane foam spray and leave it to dry in a well ventilated area. Usually the coatings are completely dried off overnight at normal temperatures.
Weatherproof speakers installation
Most of these speakers are installed with wired connections. They are mostly mounted under the deck, in patio corners or under rooftop lines. But, they can also be wired underground so that people are not restricted to listening to music at a certain spot. You can either install the speakers on your own or contact a custom installer to do it for you. Whichever option you pick ensure that:The speakers are positioned towards your desired sweet spot.They are mounted at a tilted angle facing down slightly if they are mounted close to the roof line consider how the bushes, trees and any other type of foliage will affect the sound. This is because the surrounding environment greatly affects the speaker range and ultimately the sound quality.Know how you want the sound to be distributed and where you would want it to be much concentrated.First try out the speakers before you can permanently mount them to test the sound quality.You do not crank up the volume when listening to music as it could cause sound distortion as well as disturb your neighbors. Read a related article here.